First time home buyer tips and advice
If you have previously purchased a house, you know what lies ahead, however, if you're a first time home buyer . . . you have questions.
You probably have friends or relatives who anguished over the mortgage process. The reason is probably due to inadequate preparation on their part or the failure of the mortgage loan officer to properly prepare them. So here's some tips to make the mortgage application and your home buying uneventful.
Tip #1 Get your free credit report!
The Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) requires the three largest credit agencies, Experian, Equifax, and TransUnion to provide you with a free copy of your credit report every 12 months at your request. Go to the Federal Trade Commission and obtain your free credit report from Equifax, Experian and TransUnion.
At this point, you're probably thinking, "I pay my bills on time, why should I bother". Talk to any mortgage loan officer with years of experience and he or she will tell you that it's common for collection accounts and erroneous information to appear on a consumer's credit report. Inaccurate information can devalue your credit score. A low credit score can jeopardize your ability to obtain a mortgage. Working through an inaccurate credit report . . after you applied for a mortgage is to say the least - is stressful. Credit agencies are permitted to include negative information on your credit report for seven years and bankruptcy information for 10 years.
What should I do if I find incorrect information on my credit report?
If you discover any incorrect information on your credit report, dispute it immediately with the three credit bureaus. By federal law, the credit agencies have 30 days to investigate a dispute. Contact each of the credit bureaus directly:
P.O. Box 740241
Atlanta, GA 30374-0241
P.O. Box 2000
Chester, PA 19022
P.O. Box 2002
Allen, TX 75013-0036
Don't close or payoff any credit cards, installment loans or any other credit obligation unless advised by the loan officer. Credit scoring take into consideration available credit, the number of open accounts, the age of the accounts and other factors. When you close out accounts, you may actually lower your credit score, and you don't want that. Don't open or apply for new credit, that can hurt too.
Tip #2 Get your papers in order!
mortgage application (or pre-approval) you will provide the mortgage lender with your pay
stubs for the previous 1 - 2 months, your checking, savings, 401K account(s)
statements - all pages, even the last page for check reconciliation, divorce
decrees, child support, and settlement agreements. Underwriters want it
The mortgage company will need the full address, phone numbers and employment dates for all employers for the previous 2 years. Do you still have your first grade class picture? Dig it out, the underwriter might want that too. They want it all. It's the bank's money, if you want a loan, you have to abide by their rules, whether the rules make sense or not.
Do you have a compete copy of your income tax returns and W-2's for the previous two years?
If you lost your W-2"s, obtain copies. If you don't have
copies of your income tax returns, call the IRS at 1-800-829-1040 and
request a transcript of your income tax return for the previous 2 years.
Most likely, you will only need a transcript, not a full copy. Are you
a union tradesman? If so, make sure you have ALL of your pay stubs and
documentation for the previous two years and year to date earnings.
The lender will need the full address, phone numbers and employment dates for all employers for the previous 2 years. Do you still have your first grade class picture? Dig it out, the underwriter might want that too. They want it all. It's the bank's money, if you want a loan, you have to abide by their rules, whether the rules make sense or not. Loan Application.pdf
Tip #3 Get PRE APPROVED - not PRE QUALIFIED
The words pre-approval and pre-qualification are often used interchangeably, but have two distinctively different meanings. Pre-qualification means that someone has reviewed your finances (i.e. assets, income, and debt); and based upon his or her opinion, you are eligible to purchase a home in a specific price range. Pre-qualification is nothing more than an "opinion" that you will obtain a mortgage. A pre-approval goes beyond pre-qualification and includes a verification of your income, debt, income and credit score. The lender will review your pay stubs, W-2s, bank statements, and credit report. The pre-approval mimics an actual mortgage application. The lender will want to review your W-2's, bank statements, most recent paystubs and other documents. Once approved, the lender can accurately determine the amount you will be able to borrow and determine the "best" loan program based on your finances. The lender will usually provide you with a pre-approval letter that states your financial qualifications. The pre-approval letter is usually valid for 60 days. After 60 days, the lender may want you to update the bank statements and paystubs. A pre-approval put you in a strong position with the seller when you make an offer. Pre-approval means you are nearly quarantined to a mortgage. Read more
Tip #4 Ask the seller the cost of their homeowner's insurance policy - before making an offer!
You might be surprised to know that the cost of homeowners insurance can be affected by an insurance claim by the previous owner. That's right, if the seller made a claim against their homeowners insurance carrier, you could be paying an higher premium because of their claim. The location, age and construction style can significantly affect the cost of the homeowners insurance policy and monthly cost. Read more
Tip #5 Find out if the house requires flood insurance
Did you know that the lenders require flood insurance for residential properties located in a flood zone? And did you know that the average annual cost for flood insurance is $750? That cute little creek in the backyard could cost an extra $100 every month. Read more
Tip #6 Get an estimate of the closing costs before making an offer
Prior to application and making an offer on a home, ask the mortgage lender (or lenders) to provide you with a good faith estimate. The good faith estimate is the form that itemizes all of the fees associated with the home purchase. Carefully review each good faith estimate. Read more
Tip #7 And always remember . . . if it's too good to be
true, it probably is!
- Estimate your "ideal" mortgage payment - Debt to Income Calculator
- Here's a few comments to make you an informed home buyer - House Buying Tips
- Home buying checklist- FAQ on Home Buying
- What are "closing costs" - Learn more
- What are mortgage points? - Tell me
- What is a house appraisal? Tell me
- What affects your credit score? Tell me
- What is a seller assist? - Tell me